Prevention and Early Detection
Empowering you to prevent and detect lung cancer
Smoking Cessation Resources
If you are a current smoker, the sooner you quit smoking the sooner you can lower your risk for getting diagnosed with lung cancer and other cancers and chronic diseases as well. There are many resources for quitting smoking. LCI recommends the NC Quitline and that you also have a conversation with your medical provider.
What is radon?
How do I know if I should test for radon?
How do I test for radon?
Lung Cancer Screening Information
As of 2021, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has revised its existing lung cancer screening recommendations with new guidance which lowers screening age and includes individuals with a shorter smoking history.
High-Risk Populations Are:
1. People ages 50-80 with a history of heavy cigarette smoking for at least 20 “pack years”. For example, people who smoked one pack of cigarettes per day for 20 years, or people who smoked two packs per day for 15 years.
2. Currently smoking or having stopped smoking within the past 15 years
What is LDCT (low-dose computed tomography)?
Who should be screened?
Yearly lung cancer screening is recommended for people who:
- Have smoked one pack of cigarettes per day for 20 years
- Have smoked two packs of cigarettes per day for 10 years
- Currently smoke or have quit smoking within the past 15 years
- Between 50 and 80 years old
What are the risks of LDCT?
- It is possible that the screening can provide a false-positive result. It could lead to follow-up tests and surgeries for further investigation.
- Lung cancer screening can lead to an overdiagnosis, which is when a screening finds cancer that may have never caused an issue for the patient. This can lead to unnecessary treatment.
- Radiation from repeated screenings can cause cancer in otherwise healthy people. However, lung cancer screening utilizes a low-dose CT scan, so radiation exposure will be reduced.
- Due to these risk factors, only those that are eligible for lung cancer screening should be screened.
Does insurance cover lung cancer screening?
- Most insurance plans and Medicare help pay for recommended lung cancer screening tests.
- It may be covered by your health insurance policy without a deductible or co-pay.
- For more information, visit www.medicare.gov or check with your insurance plan to find out what is covered.
Risk factors for lung cancer that are not included in the screening guidelines:
- Exposure to radon gas
- Exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens
- Exposure to secondhand smoke
- Family history of lung cancer
- If you are concerned about any of these risk factors, talk to your doctor about your concerns and if screening may be appropriate.
The benefits and risks of screening as well as recent guideline updates and the impact on the eligible screening population with Dr Nasser Hanna and Dr Edward Patz Jr.
An expert look at lung cancer MDT communication and the impact of COVID-19 with Christina Clarkson, PA, PharmD, Jeffrey Hagen, MD, Daniel Haggstrom, MD, John Heinzerling, MD, John Longshore, PhD, Edward Kim, MD, Kathryn Mileham, MD, Jaspal Singh, MD, and Jeryl Villadolid, PharmD.